Saturday , 15 June 2024

The AI Sector: Sliced & Diced By Category

From what has been written about artificial intelligence (AI) there is not much information as to what companies are involved in the research and development of quantum computing qubits and the companies involved in the application of such revolutionary technology. This article does just that, slicing and dicing the sector in a multitude of ways and identifying artificial intelligence and related (AI&R) stocks and ETFs that an investor might wish to consider investing in.

An original article by Lorimer Wilson, Managing editor of

According to an analysis by FactSet of earnings conference calls for the first quarter of 2023 110 companies mentioned AI.

Record Number of S&P Companies Citing AI on Quarterly Earnings Calls

According to Grand View Research the AI industry is expected to surge from about $197 billion in 2023 to $1.8 trillion by 2030, representing a compound annual growth rate of 37% – but what is the best way to chose that growth?

  • invest in individual AI&R stocks OR
  • invest in the best ETFs in the broader tech sector that have some AI&R exposure OR
  • invest in robotics and AI&R ETFs OR, better yet,
  • invest in generative AI and/or semiconductor ETFs.

AI Companies by Sector

At the sector level, 75% of Communication Services companies (15) and 66% of Information Technology (38), 23% of Industrials (17), 22% of Consumer Discretionary (11), 19% of Financials (13) and 10% of Health Care sector companies (16) cited “AI” on Q1 earnings calls. Of the 110 companies, 46 cited the term “generative AI” on these calls referring to their application of AI that can create unique content from simple prompts submitted by users.

1. AI ETFs

There are 15 ETFs invested in baskets of stocks of companies involved the research and development of quantum computing capabilities (i.e. semiconductor stocks) and the application of such technology (i.e. generative AI stocks) so there is a broad selection to choose from and these ETFs do just that: SMH; SOXX; SHOCSOXQ; AIQ; THNQ; PSI; FTXLSEMILRNZXSDWTAI; IQM; QTUM; and CHAT. They have expenses ranging from $0.19 to $0.75 (average of $0.51) and an average of 47 constituents ranging from 23 to 93 in number.

Of the 15 ETFs, Global X AI & Technology ETF (AIQ) provides the broadest selection of AI&R companies with 93 (and the fourth highest expenses at $0.68) and, as such, reflects the most accurate insight into the overall performance of the AI&R sector.

A close second is Robo Global AI ETF (THNQ) with 72 constituents and expenses of $0.68. These two ETFs are UP 20.0% and 16.7%, respectively, since the AI&R bubble began to inflate at the end of April into early May and are UP 36.9% and 35.4%, respectively, YTD. Comparatively speaking, the Nasdaq is UP only 15.2% since the end of April and only UP 29.8% YTD.

On a more selective semiconductor basis, the iShares Semiconductor ETF (SOXX), with 35 constituents and $0.35 in expenses, is UP 21.1% since the AI&R bubble began to inflate and is UP 39.6% YTD while the Invesco PHLX Semiconductor ETF (SOXQ) of 33 constituents and expenses of $0.19 is UP 20.3% since the end of April and UP 38.2% YTD.

2. Quantum Computing Semiconductor Stocks

By comparison to the above, the munKNEE Quantum Computing Companies Portfolio of 12 companies: Alphabet (GOOGL); IBM (IBM); Amazon (AMZN); Microsoft (MSFT); Intel (INTC); Nvidia (NVDA); Taiwan Semiconductor (TSM); Alibaba (BABA); IonQ (IONQ); Baidu (BIDU); D-Wave Quantum (QBTS); and Rigetti Computing (RGTI)) is UP 29.9% since the end of April and UP 54.7% YTD.

3. AI&R “Bubble” Stocks

Of the 110 AI&R stocks mentioned at the outset 30 – with market capitalizations of at least $1B – are in bubble mode (a “bubble” is defined for the purposes of this article as a stock that is UP twice that of the Nasdaq and that equates to 15.2% x 2 = 30%). The AI&R stocks category has been divided into 4 sub-sections consisting of 30 AI&R stocks, as follows:

  1. 5 stocks are UP in excess of 85%: IONQ (+176.3%); SMCI (+140.9%); UPST (+115.0%); PLTR (+87.5%); RXRX (+87.1%)
  2. 6 stocks are UP by more than 50%: FRSH (+68.1%); NVDA (+65.8%); ZS (+64.1%); AI (+63.6%); ATEYY (+58.4%);  ADBE (+ 56.6%)
  3. 7 stocks are UP by at least 40%: UBER (+48.6%); DDOG (+47.7%); TSLA (+45.2%); MRVL (+44.9%); INFA (+44.1%); HUBB (+40.3%); SYM (+40.3%)
  4. 12 stocks are UP more than 30%: AVGO (+39.1%); ENTG (+39.1%); META (+37.6%); ANET (+36.3%); DELL (+34.9%); SPLK (+34.4%); VMW (+33.4%); LRCX (+33.4%); WDAY (+32.9%); AMAT (+30.9%); AMZN (+30.6%); CYBR (+30.6%)

In addition, the following 14 stocks are UP at least 50% more than the Nasdaq (i.e. 15.2% + 50% = 23%), namely: TWLO (+29.5%); TEAM (+29.4%); ON (28.3%); CRWD (+28.1%); TTD (+27.9%); BAH (+27.5%); PANW (+26.5%); NFLX (+26.1%); INTU (+25.5%); AMD (+25.3%); WIX (+24.7%); KLAC (+24.6%); GOOGL (+24.1%) and ORCL (+23.9%).

To round things off, another 11 stocks are UP between 20% and 22.9%, namely: NOW (+22.7%); VRSK (+22.2%); PCOR (+22.4%); CCCS (+21.9%); CSCO (+21.9%); MPWR (+21.8%); ASX (+21.7%); NXPI (+21.7%); SNPS (+21.3%); ACN (+21.0%) and IBM (+20.2%). That totals 55 stocks in total.

Interestingly, however, well known mega cap companies the likes of Microsoft (MFST), Intel (INTC), Taiwan Semiconductor (TSM), Alibaba (BABA), Apple (AAPL), ASML (ASML), Qualcomm (QCOM), Texas Instruments (TXN) and Honeywell (HON) are not included above as their stocks have appreciated by less than 20% or, as in the case with HON, actually gone down in price since the AI&R bubble began to inflate at the end of April into early May.

4. Small Cap AI&R Stocks

In addition, tracks the performance of 15 small cap AI stocks (i.e. those with market caps of between $100M and $999M) which, as of last Friday, were Up 62.8% since the end of April. The 15 stocks are: Applied Optoelectronics (AAOI); Innodata (INOD); Applied Digital ((APLD); Rigetti Computing (RGTI); Verses AI (VRSSF); Rekor Systems (REKR); SoundHound AI (SOUN); Presto Automation (PRST); Exscientia ((EXAI); D-Wave Quantum (QBTS); Butterfly Network (BFLY); Innoviz Technologies (INVZ) Applied Digital (AAOI); Lemonade (LMND); and (BBAI).

5. AI “Penny” Stocks

13 small cap stocks (with market caps between $80M and $999M) trade for less than $5/share (i.e. “penny” stocks) and they are UP 20.2% since the end of April. They are: Rigetti Computing (RGTI); Verses AI (VRSSF); Rekor Systems (REKR); GSI Technology (GSIT); Presto Automation (PRST); SoundHound AI (SOUN); D-Wave Quantum (QBTS); Knightscope (KSCP); Quantum Computing (QUBT); Butterfly Network (BFLY); Innoviz Technology (INVZ); Veritone (VERI). and (BBAI).

I hope the above breakdown of the major AI&R stock categories and its constituents provide a deeper understanding of the opportunities that exist for the enlightened investor. Follow-up articles on each of the 5 categories will be be provided at the end of this week in the August summary.