Saturday , 20 April 2024

The 4-year Presidential Cycle Effect On the Stock Market

As you know, Joe Biden was elected as the President of the United States in 2020. However, did you know that there is a typical four-year cycle that follows elections? The following chart represents the four-year cycle starting from 1900. It shows you the average four-year development of the Dow Jones over a hundred and twenty years. This also allows you to take a close look at developments within a year.

This version of the original article by Dimitri Speck (from has been edited [ ] and abridged (…) to provide you with a faster and easier read. Also note that this complete paragraph must be included in any re-posting to avoid copyright infringement.

#$$4$ The course of the stock markets is not so much dependent on whether a Republican or Democrat becomes President. The election cycle – also known as the four-year cycle – does not differentiate according to party, but according to the year within the cycle.

Over the past 125 years, the Dow Jones Index has risen by an average of 5.4% in presidential election years. In pre-election years it has performed even better, at 8.5%. However, in post-election years it has averaged 4.7%; and in the subsequent mid-term election years the mean gain has only been 0.8%. 2022 is a mid-term election year.

Reasons for the presidential election cycle

Why are the two years after the election so weak, while the two years before the election are fairly good stock market years? The reasons are obvious: Presidents want to be re-elected, or want a successor from their Party. Before the election, therefore, they try to stimulate the economy and make voters feel positive. This includes measures financed by deficit spending. However, the central bank (which is not completely independent) also seems to support the incumbent President through its monetary policy.

The following chart represents the four-year cycle starting from 1900. It shows you the average four-year development of the Dow Jones over a hundred and twenty years. This also allows you to take a close look at developments within a year.

The scale on the right of the chart shows the percentage gain. The horizontal bar shows the year within the four-year cycle. The blue line in the “Election” quarter of the chart shows the average trend of all election years; the blue line in the “Post-Elect” quarter is the average of all post-election years;  the “Midterm” line is the average of all midterm election years; and the “Pre-Election” line is the average of all pre-election years.

Mean trend of the Dow Jones in the four-year cycle dependent on the U.S. presidential election 

Dow Jones - Four Year Election Cycle

Elections influence share prices. Source: Seasonax

On the far left of the chart the “election” year,  and on the far right, the “pre-election” year, were good stock market years, as already mentioned. By contrast, the two middle years in the chart, i.e. the post-election year and the mid-term election year, hardly brought any gains for investors.

As we are currently in a mid-term election year, we will now focus our attention on the trend for the mid-term year.

The midterm election year under the microscope

The next chart shows you the average course of only the mid-term election years. In effect, it is the enlargement of the third quarter of the first chart.

Mean course of the Dow Jones in the mid-term election year 

Dow Jones in the mid-term election year

From mid-April, prices tend to weaken.

You can clearly see a weakening from mid-April – an early “Sell in May and Go Away”, so to speak. On the other hand, a rise occurs earlier, namely at the end of September, compared to the end of October as in a “normal” year. Overall, the mid-term election year shows a sideways trend.

There are also good opportunities in a mid-term election year!

Individual stocks and sectors deviate from the index trend and offer you good opportunities even in difficult times. This shows you how important it is to consider seasonality at an individual stock level.

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