Wednesday , 22 May 2024

# Which Stocks Trade at a Discount to the "Graham Number"? (+2K Views)

Benjamin Graham, the “godfather of value investing” created an equation to calculate the maximum fair value for a stock, referred to as the Graham Number and any stock trading at a significant discount to this number would appear undervalued. [Here are the names of 18 such stocks.] Words: 1707

So says an article* at www.kapitall.com  which Lorimer Wilson, editor of www.munKNEE.com (It’s all about Money!), has further edited ([  ]), abridged (…) and reformatted below  for the sake of clarity and brevity to ensure a fast and easy read. Please note that this paragraph must be included in any article re-posting to avoid copyright infringement. The article goes on to say:

The Graham Number only requires two data points: current earnings per share and current book value per share.  The Graham Number = Square Root of (22.5) x (TTM Earnings per Share) x (MRQ Book Value per Share).   This equation assumes that a stock is overvalued if P/E is over 15 or P/BV is over 1.5.

We used the Graham Number to screen for potentially undervalued stocks among the universe of low-debt stocks that are also trading at significant discounts to target price.

We also created a price-weighted index of the stocks mentioned below, and monitored the performance of the list relative to the S&P 500 index over the last month.

Do you think these stocks are undervalued? Use this list, sorted by potential upside implied by the Graham number, as a starting-off point for your own analysis.

1. Provident Financial Services, Inc. (PFS): Savings & Loans Industry. Market cap of \$744.87M.

• MRQ total debt to assets at 0.00.
• Target price at \$15.60 vs. current price at \$12.32 (implies a potential upside of 26.62%).
• TTM diluted EPS at \$0.92,
• MRQ book value per share at \$16.51,
• Graham number at \$18.49 (vs. current price at \$12.10, implies a potential upside of 52.78%).
• The stock is a short squeeze candidate, with a short float at 5.93% (equivalent to 10.62 days of average volume).
• The stock has performed poorly over the last month, losing 13.42%.

2. Curtiss-Wright Corp. (CW): Aerospace/Defense Products & Services Industry. Market cap of \$1.33B.

• MRQ total debt to assets at 0.19.
• Target price at \$38.14 vs. current price at \$28.55 (implies a potential upside of 33.60%).
• TTM diluted EPS at \$2.59,
• MRQ book value per share at \$26.76,
• Graham number at \$39.49 (vs. current price at \$28.31, implies a potential upside of 39.49%).
• The stock has performed poorly over the last month, losing 10.5%.

3. M&T Bank Corp. (MTB): Regional Banks Industry. Market cap of \$9.39B.

• MRQ total debt to assets at 0.10.
• Target price at \$96.20 vs. current price at \$74.80 (implies a potential upside of 28.61%).
• TTM diluted EPS at \$7.10,
• MRQ book value per share at \$66.73,
• Graham number at \$103.25 (vs. current price at \$74.03, implies a potential upside of 39.47%).
• The stock has performed poorly over the last month, losing 12.58%.

4. Harte-Hanks Inc. (HHS): Marketing Services Industry. Market cap of \$507.34M.

• MRQ total debt to assets at 0.19.
• Target price at \$10.20 vs. current price at \$8.08 (implies a potential upside of 26.24%).
• TTM diluted EPS at \$0.73,
• MRQ book value per share at \$7.04,
• Graham number at \$10.75 (vs. current price at \$7.81, implies a potential upside of 37.69%).
• The stock has lost 17.8% over the last year.

5. The Babcock & Wilcox Company (BWC): Diversified Machinery Industry. Market cap of \$2.68B.

• MRQ total debt to assets at 0.00.
• Target price at \$31.33 vs. current price at \$22.78 (implies a potential upside of 37.55%).
• TTM diluted EPS at \$2.78,
• MRQ book value per share at \$15.40,
• Graham number at \$31.04 (vs. current price at \$22.79, implies a potential upside of 36.19%).
• The stock has had a couple of great days, gaining 10.64% over the last week.

6. F.N.B. Corporation (FNB): Regional Banks Industry. Market cap of \$1.16B.

• MRQ total debt to assets at 0.12.
• Target price at \$11.28 vs. current price at \$9.16 (implies a potential upside of 23.16%).
• TTM diluted EPS at \$0.68,
• MRQ book value per share at \$9.59,
• Graham number at \$12.11 (vs. current price at \$9.02, implies a potential upside of 34.29%).
• The stock is a short squeeze candidate, with a short float at 12.19% (equivalent to 12.12 days of average volume).
• The stock has had a couple of great days, gaining 9.57% over the last week.

7. Western Digital Corp. (WDC): Data Storage Devices Industry. Market cap of \$7.31B.

• MRQ total debt to assets at 0.04.
• Target price at \$44.00 vs. current price at \$31.47 (implies a potential upside of 39.82%).
• TTM diluted EPS at \$3.09,
• MRQ book value per share at \$23.55,
• Graham number at \$40.46 (vs. current price at \$31.25, implies a potential upside of 29.48%).
• The stock has had a couple of great days, gaining 8.11% over the last week.
• The stock has performed poorly over the last month, losing 15.56%.

8. NYSE Euronext, Inc. (NYX): Diversified Investments Industry. Market cap of \$7.59B.

• MRQ total debt to assets at 0.16.
• Target price at \$40.16 vs. current price at \$28.97 (implies a potential upside of 38.62%).
• TTM diluted EPS at \$2.17, MRQ book value per share at \$27.32,
• Graham number at \$36.52 (vs. current price at \$28.44, implies a potential upside of 28.42%).
• The stock has had a couple of great days, gaining 14.14% over the last week.
• The stock has performed poorly over the last month, losing 15.66%.

9. NTT DOCOMO, Inc. (DCM): Wireless Communications Industry. Market cap of \$80.67B.

• MRQ total debt to assets at 0.06.
• Target price at \$22.30 vs. current price at \$18.49 (implies a potential upside of 20.60%).
• TTM diluted EPS at \$1.59,
• MRQ book value per share at \$15.42,
• Graham number at \$23.49 (vs. current price at \$18.52, implies a potential upside of 26.82%).
• The stock has had a couple of great days, gaining 7.69% over the last week.

10. AGCO Corporation (AGCO): Farm & Construction Machinery Industry. Market cap of \$3.94B.

• MRQ total debt to assets at 0.12.
• Target price at \$55.12 vs. current price at \$40.84 (implies a potential upside of 34.97%).
• TTM diluted EPS at \$3.70,
• MRQ book value per share at \$32.24,
• Graham number at \$51.81 (vs. current price at \$40.86, implies a potential upside of 26.79%).
• The stock has had a couple of great days, gaining 14.08% over the last week.
• The stock has performed poorly over the last month, losing 15.58%.

11. Cytec Industries Inc. (CYT): Specialty Chemicals Industry. Market cap of \$2.37B.

• MRQ total debt to assets at 0.17.
• Target price at \$62.17 vs. current price at \$47.75 (implies a potential upside of 30.19%).
• TTM diluted EPS at \$4.06,
• MRQ book value per share at \$38.54,
• Graham number at \$59.33 (vs. current price at \$48.02, implies a potential upside of 23.56%).
• The stock is a short squeeze candidate, with a short float at 5.35% (equivalent to 5.81 days of average volume).
• The stock has had a couple of great days, gaining 8.23% over the last week. The stock has performed poorly over the last month, losing 14.59%.

12. City National Corp. (CYN): Regional Industry. Market cap of \$2.33B.

• MRQ total debt to assets at 0.04.
• Target price at \$58.34 vs. current price at \$43.82 (implies a potential upside of 33.14%).
• TTM diluted EPS at \$3.02,
• MRQ book value per share at \$39.24,
• Graham number at \$51.64 (vs. current price at \$42.90, implies a potential upside of 20.37%).
• The stock has performed poorly over the last month, losing 16.5%.

13. U.S. Bancorp (USB): Regional Banks Industry. Market cap of \$43.66B.

• MRQ total debt to assets at 0.19.
• Target price at \$30.72 vs. current price at \$22.73 (implies a potential upside of 35.17%).
• TTM diluted EPS at \$2.06,
• MRQ book value per share at \$15.50,
• Graham number at \$26.80 (vs. current price at \$22.45, implies a potential upside of 19.39%).
• The stock has had a couple of great days, gaining 5.28% over the last week.

14. CVS Caremark Corporation (CVS): Drug Stores Industry. Market cap of \$45.72B.

• MRQ total debt to assets at 0.17.
• Target price at \$43.06 vs. current price at \$34.00 (implies a potential upside of 26.64%).
• TTM diluted EPS at \$2.46,
• MRQ book value per share at \$28.41,
• Graham number at \$39.65 (vs. current price at \$33.78, implies a potential upside of 17.39%).
• The stock has had a couple of great days, gaining 5.23% over the last week.

15. UniFirst Corp. (UNF): Textile Clothing Industry. Market cap of \$1.0B.

• MRQ total debt to assets at 0.15.
• Target price at \$63.00 vs. current price at \$50.46 (implies a potential upside of 24.85%).
• TTM diluted EPS at \$3.81,
• MRQ book value per share at \$39.22,
• Graham number at \$57.98 (vs. current price at \$49.77, implies a potential upside of 16.50%).
• The stock has had a couple of great days, gaining 6.21% over the last week.
• The stock has performed poorly over the last month, losing 13.01%.

16. Raymond James Financial Inc. (RJF): Investment Brokerage Industry. Market cap of \$3.53B.

• MRQ total debt to assets at 0.05.
• Target price at \$37.29 vs. current price at \$27.89 (implies a potential upside of 33.69%).
• TTM diluted EPS at \$2.20,
• MRQ book value per share at \$20.22,
• Graham number at \$31.64 (vs. current price at \$27.50, implies a potential upside of 15.04%).
• The stock has had a couple of great days, gaining 6.65% over the last week.
• The stock has performed poorly over the last month, losing 10.92%.

17. Tyco International Ltd. (TYC): Diversified Machinery Industry. Market cap of \$19.23B.

• MRQ total debt to assets at 0.16.
• Target price at \$53.47 vs. current price at \$41.41 (implies a potential upside of 29.12%).
• TTM diluted EPS at \$3.30,
• MRQ book value per share at \$30.55,
• Graham number at \$47.63 (vs. current price at \$41.58, implies a potential upside of 14.54%).
• The stock has had a couple of great days, gaining 9.52% over the last week.
• The stock has performed poorly over the last month, losing 12.34%.

18. Nokia Corporation (NOK): Communication Equipment Industry. Market cap of \$24.02B.

• MRQ total debt to assets at 0.16.
• Target price at \$7.74 vs. current price at \$6.29 (implies a potential upside of 23.02%).
• TTM diluted EPS at \$0.47,
• MRQ book value per share at \$4.74,
• Graham number at \$7.08 (vs. current price at \$6.22, implies a potential upside of 13.83%).
• The stock has recently rebounded, and is currently trading 12.24% above its SMA20 and 5.78% above its SMA50.
• However, the stock still trades 24.11% below its SMA200.
• The stock has had a couple of great days, gaining 28.89% over the last week.

Data Source: Target price data sourced from Screener.co, EPS and BVPS data sourced from Yahoo! Finance, all other data sourced from Finviz.

*http://seekingalpha.com/article/288051-18-low-debt-stocks-undervalued-by-target-price-and-the-graham-number?source=email_portfolio

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Editor’s Note:

• The above article consists of reformatted edited excerpts from the original for the sake of brevity, clarity and to ensure a fast and easy read. The author’s views and conclusions are unaltered.
• Permission to reprint in whole or in part is gladly granted, provided full credit is given as per paragraph 2 above.